Social Philosophy: Robert Nozick and John Rawls

Justice requires giving people what they deserve.  There are two ways to think of justice:

I. The Minimal State (or Entitlement) Theory (Robert Nozick): Objections: II. Contemporary Liberalism (John Rawls): wealth is a cooperative enterprise, and all members of a society have a claim to a share of products; there must be a government to resolve disputes about claims by those who produce and those who consume.  All citizens must be treated fairly, which means they must be given equal economic opportunities and provided with a minimum standard of living.  In this way, justice is fairness Objections: